1 corinthians 13:12 meaning
Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even … 3:18 still refer to revelation, or specifically to the New Covenant–and isn’t that still “revelation” of the Word? 1 Corinthians 13:12. There are up to 200 different explanations for the passage; a summary is given by K. C. Thompson, “I Corinthians 15,29 and Baptism for the Dead,” Studia Evangelica 2.1 (TU 87), 647-59. Wesley's 1-corinthians 13:12 Bible Commentary 13:12 Now we see - Even the things that surround us. '” katoptrizw (verb) in 2nd Cor was the most common term in the papyri for a mirror–it is something that produces a reflection. The most likely interpretation is that some Corinthians had undergone baptism to bear witness to the faith of fellow believers who had died without experiencing that rite themselves. 1 Corinthians 12:13(NASB) We do not have similar knowledge to God as He has to us in an exact correspondent fashion. We’ll see it all then, see it all as clearly as God sees us, knowing him directly just as he knows us! to find out, ascertain, to know i.e. The Corinthians were spiritually immature (1 Corinthians 3:1-2), and they were ignorant of spiritual gifts and they were misusing and abusing them (1 Corinthians 12:1–14:40). Page, you may want to look at this study: https://versebyversecommentary.com/articles/doctrine/44583-2/, Thanks Grant! The city of Corinth was believed to be a city of about 600,000 people when this was written to them. Comment: I think this teaching relates back to verse 8 and the … Nonetheless, for any restoration or revival do we not need the manifestation of the Lord? (1996). Thanks! Of course, God has already done many wonderful things in the lives of his people (6:11). In the future age, when Christ is ruling, those gifts will have achieved their purpose. πρόσωπον πρὸς πρόσωπον: (an idiom, literally ‘face to face’) the position of one person facing another, with the implication of direct, personal interaction—‘face to face.’ τότε δὲ πρόσωπον πρὸς πρόσωπον ‘but then face to face’ 1 Cor 13:12. What Paul knew in part was God’s mind through the gifts of prophecy and knowledge. The word “now” refers to the present state at Paul’s time of incomplete revelation in contrast to a finished revelation. 9 For we have partial knowledge and we prophesy partially; 10 but when that which is complete arrives, that which is partial will be done away with. The basic message is that “love never fails” (1 Cor 13:8). 11 When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. James 3:1,2. Possibly the true meaning of the words ... That there is, in fact, just such an emphasis in this 1 Corinthians 13:12, is proved by Paul's prompt return to the "now" in the final verse immediately after this. Paul had only partial revelation in the time he lived. Note this exegetical comment from Louw, J. P., & Nida, E. A. Answer: First Corinthians 12 talks about spiritual gifts, which are distributed by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:4). When we stop to consider all the ways things seem wrong, we have to ask, “Does God care?” Living in the middle of an evil people, the Corinthian believers must have felt hopeless. Job, 8:9 and 1Cor.8:2,3. speak to the vast knowledge of spiritual things of which we know nothing. In the present age, God’s people are not perfect, and their relationship with God is not yet complete. It carries the idea that we now see only a refracted image, obscurely, and not face to face as we shall hereafter. iv. Again, the meaning is the same, and the difference is really minor. How is childhood indirect and adulthood direct? What does 1 Corinthians 13:12 mean? Chapter 13 goes one step further and mentions the three gifts that are common for all Christians: faith, … Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as r I have been fully known. Secondary means of knowledge cannot convey a clear image, only direct knowledge can. The permanent revelation of God’s mind is more important than the temporary revelation of God through the gifts of prophecy and knowledge. Regarding the word “mirror” in 1 Co 13:12, the word is a noun meaning mirror. The purpose of those gifts is to help God’s people in the present age, during their lives in this world. They desire to know God and to see him. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. 11 When I was a babe, I used to speak as … 9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. Many Christians believe the Christian life is all about sacrifice – sacrificing your money, your life, for the cause of Jesus Christ. We love the Lord through the Word of God, but one day we will have direct knowledge of Him and fellowship with Him personally. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Paul has been describing our knowledge of God and His ways as incomplete or partial. Thanks Grant. Mirrors in Bible times were usually made of highly polished metal. Greeks and Romans made up most the people. See also Conzelmann, 1 Corinthians, 212, n 12 for a brief discussion of the phonics of the chiasm. The word “know” in the previous phrase, and this phrase picks up the partial knowledge found in the gift of knowledge. 1 Mga Taga-Corinto 13:12 Study the Inner Meaning 12 Sapagka't ngayo'y malabo tayong nakakikita sa isang salamin; ... Related New Christian Commentary Stories and their meanings: Bible Study Videos: 245 - To Do All Things Well. “Then” is when the “perfect” of verse 10 will have come. This is nothing like a theophany (seeing God in a physical manifestation), but is a revelation of God through His Word. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. 1 Cor. God’s glory is eternal because of the presence of the Holy Spirit. ... 1 Corinthians 13:2(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Deb, the Greek word in 2 Co 3:18 is a term for sensory state or event (katoptrizw)for “seeing.” It is a different word than in 1 Co 13:12 (esoptrou). … At first, then, comprehension of spiritual light would be limited. We do not see the full glory of God but progressively become more and more exposed to it–progressive sanctification. Alan Redpath said one could get a spiritual suntan from the warmth of this chapter. By the way, I appreciate your interpretation because I think the statement that spiritual gifts cease at death is obvious (and so doesn’t need to be stated in Scripture)! In 1 Corinthians 13:13, Paul tells us about three other gifts that God gives. (1 Corinthians 13:8-13) 8 Love never fails. God thus gave the kind of miraculous abilities described in 1 Corinthians 12:1-31; 1 Corinthians 13:1-13; 1 Corinthians 14:1-40 to help His people know what was right; this information also helped spread and confirm the gospel. The word “dimly” means in enigma. However, 1 Corinthians 13:12 and 1 John 3:2 are ... Generally, there are three primary interpretations concerning the meaning of the phrase “that which is perfect is come ” of 1 Corinthians 13:10: (1) Some people believe that that is a reference to us dying and going to heaven, (2) others believe that it refers to when Jesus returns to earth, and (3) others believe that it refers to the completed Bible. (translation: Tagalog: Ang Dating Biblia (1905)) 31 Conzelmann, 1 Corinthians, 211, n 7 and n 8. Read Genesis 1:27. Paul’s present knowledge was dim and indistinct, but when the canon would be complete, Christians would have a clear knowledge of God’s mind. Paul separates time into two great periods: the present age, and the future age. The only way we can know Him today is through the Word. 1. This interpretation is problematic for three reasons. (Daniel 12:4) That falls short of seeing them in person. 1 Corinthians 13:11-12. But the NET version quotes Fee and introduces the idea that the two situations being compared in v.9-12 are an “indirect” understanding/relationship (on earth) and a “direct” understanding/relationship(in heaven)! to perceive, to know i.e. Scriptural Translation What does this quote really mean? At some time, the spiritual gifts of prophecy, tongues, and knowledge will not exist, but Godly love will still be there. 1 Corinthians 13:12 - For now we see only a reflection as in - Bible Gateway. American King James Version × the apostle Paul wrote: "Love never fails. 1 Mga Taga-Corinto 13:12 - Sapagka't ngayo'y malabo tayong nakakikita sa isang salamin; nguni't pagkatapos ay makikita natin sa mukhaan: ngayo'y nakikilala ko ng bahagya, nguni't pagkatapos ay makikilala ko ng gaya naman ng pagkakilala sa akin. Introduction. For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then we will see face to face. Paul’s knowledge of God’s mind was similar to knowing or seeing himself in a mirror (not distinctly), but when the “perfect” would come, Christians would fully know the revealed mind of God. There was a mixture of nationalities here. passage as he did here in 1 Cor.? that show plainly that we really do, only know in part. The city of Corinth was believed to be a city of about 600,000 people when this was written to them. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part, 10 but when completeness comes, what is in part disappears. What does 1 Corinthians chapter 13 mean? Your email address will not be published. 12 We don’t yet see things clearly. 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. 2) To know, to recognize by sight, hearing, of certain signs, to perceive who a person is, to know i.e. 1 Corinthians 13:12 Meaning of Verse with Simple Commentary. George, I would have no brief with “indirect” as the interpretation. We have a faith once delivered to the saints: Jude 3, Beloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. G. Campbell Morgan wrote that examining this chapter is like dissecting a flower to understand it. A failure to observe this limitation of 1 Corinthians 13:12 is fatal to any true interpretation of this passage. It carries the idea that we now see only a refracted image, obscurely, and not face to face as we shall hereafter. Passage: "When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child; when I became an adult, I put an end to childish ways. G. Campbell Morgan wrote that examining this chapter is like dissecting a flower to understand it. Paul spoke of the meaning of Godly love in 1 Corinthians 13:4-8. 13:12 he was saying the “mirror” was the Word/revelation but that it was “dim” because it was incomplete revelation, does the “mirror” of 2 Cor. Read Hebrews 8:5. 1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. The word “for” is a term of explanation, indicating that the analogies in this verse are explaining and reinforcing the analogy in verse 11. This is translated into English as "charity" in the King James version; but the word "love" is … John had not written his gospel, his three letters, or the book of Revelation. But it won’t be long before the weather clears and the sun shines bright! Does it mean that … 28 See Robertson and Plummer, 1 Corinthians, 269. The most likely interpretation is that some Corinthians had undergone baptism to bear witness to the faith of fellow believers who had died without experiencing that rite themselves. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part, 10 but when completeness comes, what is in part disappears. 1 Corinthians 13:1, KJV: "Though I speak with the tongues of men and of … When the “perfect” comes, it will supersede the partial. Paul separates time into two great periods: the present age, and the future age. The only problem was, these superheroes had a hard time … Paul insisted that every spiritual gift … For example, it may be necessary to render this passage as ‘how we now understand is like seeing a dim image in a mirror, but then we shall understand as clearly as though we were seeing face to face’ or ‘… as though we were seeing something directly.’ We remind ourselves of our loved ones by pictures. 14:37; 16:18 in the sense of “acknowledge” and “recognition”. 1 Corinthians 13:12 12 For p now we see in a mirror dimly, but q then face to face. 1 Corinthians 13:11-12. Thread starter Romans922; Start date Jan 28, 2009; Status Not open for further replies. The word “dimly” means an enigma. Manney, yes, for revival to come there must be confession and God coming to show Himself and His glory through the Word and work in individuals. If three-quarters of a jigsaw puzzle were missing, we would have an enigma, a puzzle. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away.” Explanation and Commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:8. The supremacy of love. But whether there are [gifts of] prophesying, they will be done away with; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will be done away with. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. I may have knowledge, but it is still fragmentary, I read as it were on a mirror the reflections which I cannot yet quite make out. Read more Share Copy to understand. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as r I have been fully known. Barnes's 1-corinthians 13:11 Bible Commentary When I was a child - The idea here is, that the knowledge which we now have, compared with that which we shall have in heaven, is like that which is possessed in infancy compared with that we have in manhood; and that as, when we advance in years, we lay aside, as unworthy of our attention, the views, feelings, and plans which we had in boyhood, and which we then … As seeing in a mirror dimly is a metaphor, so is the phrase “face to face” a metaphor. There are up to 200 different explanations for the passage; a summary is given by K. C. Thompson, “I Corinthians 15,29 and Baptism for the Dead,” Studia Evangelica 2.1 (TU 87), 647-59. 1 Corinthians 13:12. Secondary means of knowledge cannot convey a clear image; only direct knowledge can. 52 Harold W. Hoehner, "The Purpose of Tongues in 1 Corinthians 14:20-25," in Walvoord: A Tribute, ed. Regarding uses in the Old Testament note this comment: Paul introduces a second illustration of the difference of understanding between finished revelation and his present state of incomplete revelation – the mirror. 1 Corinthians 13:12. As Paul explained in 1 Corinthians 13:8-12, God does not intend for those gifts to be permanent. The fundamental ideas of this word are 1) to become thoroughly acquainted with, to know thoroughly; to know accurately, know well. The phrase “just as” needs qualification. Alan Redpath said one could get a spiritual suntan from the warmth of this chapter. If one agrees that “the perfect” means the completed revelation of the Scriptures, then Paul lived during the “now,” whereas believers today are living during the “then.” If the first part of this verse describes a believer in Paul’s day seeing his own face “dimly,” in the imperfect mirror of partial revelation, it would follow that “but then face to face” refers to believers today seeing their own faces in the superior mirror of completed revelation, that is, in the biblical canon. There are many gifts that are given through the Holy Spirit, as He chooses, but unless those spiritual gifts are ministered to one another, through love, they are of little significance and of no spiritual value at all. 11 When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. 11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. (1 Corinthians 13:12) Context: 8 Love never fails. 1 Corinthians 13:12. 1-11 And the way I will show you is the way of perfection. 1 Corinthians 13:12 Context. 164 - Not As the World Gives. 1 Corinthians 13:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 13:1, NIV: "If I speak in the tongues of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal." … Paul expressed that desire again in Philippians 3:8-11. Sickness, violence, war, and hatred seem to exist everywhere we look. The word “now” refers to the present state at Paul’s time of incomplete revelation in contrast to a finished revelation. He has saved them and he … This is nothing like a theophany (seeing God in a physical manifestation) but is a revelation of God through His Word. “Then” is when the “perfect” of verse 10 will have come. https://versebyversecommentary.com/articles/doctrine/44583-2/, Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software. The words “just as” mean exact correspondence, so we cannot know God fully. Just look at the “modern” versions of the bible, disagreeable commentaries, denominational bias, etc. The New Testament is identified with τὸ τέλειον. George, I am not minimizing the difficulty of interpreting this passage, however, let me offer these answers to your question: That happen before the completion of the canon. God shows Himself through His Word today, not personal, physical manifestations. “The analogy, of course, breaks down a bit, since one sees one’s own face in a mirror, and Paul’s point is that in our present existence one ‘sees’ God (presumably) … only indirectly.”25 However, Paul’s point is to contrast one looking in a mirror “dimly” with one looking in a mirror “face to face.” Let’s meditate on each section for a few moments. Note the lexical meaning: There are 42 occurrences of ἐπιγινώσκω in the New Testament: “know” 30 times, “acknowledge” five times, “perceive” three times, “take knowledge of” twice, “have knowledge of” once, and “know well” once. Ver. 13:12 - Meaning? Seeing one’s own image indistinctly in a mirror is contrasted with having direct, personal fellowship with God. We have lost the “fear of the Lord, and speculations run rampant. 1-11 And the way I will show you is the way of perfection. Full revelation would bring full knowledge of God’s mind. The 2012 movie The Avengers was the story of a group of superheroes that banded together to battle an evil force that was bent on world domination. The city of Corinth produced some of the best-polished bronze mirrors in the world at that time. 13:8-12) is to state how Paul develops the theme of love in 1 Corinthians 13as a whole. We read that the carnal Christians in Corinth, could not be considered spiritual believers. Also, I see that the Greek word translated “know fully” is also used in 1 Cor. 11 and 12 give an obvious metaphor of our understanding being childlike, or as looking through a glass darkly. We’re squinting in a fog, peering through a mist. How do the two “mirrors” in these verses relate to one another? When God’s revelation would be complete in the canon, Christians would know God’s revealed truth fully. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.”. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Designed by Elegant Themes At the completion of the canon, there would be a clear perspective through which we would look at things. Can they be used to understand the meaning in 1 Cor. Though Fee recognizes a problem with this view, he nonetheless accepts it. But my question is: Did Paul use the idea of the “mirror” of God’s Word the same way in the 2 Cor. The church at Corinth had been established on one of Paul's missionary journeys. Sacrifice is important, but without love it is useless, it profits me nothing. Paul introduces a second illustration of the difference of understanding between finished revelation and his present state of incomplete revelation – the mirror. It can be used for “to contemplate something.” The idea is “beholding the glory of the Lord as reflected and radiant in the gospel in contrast to 2 Cor. Please note: follow the buttons in the right column below to clarify word meanings, find related verses, and get a deeper understanding. I may have knowledge, but it is still fragmentary, I read as it were on a mirror the reflections which I cannot yet quite make out. Apparently, some believed that those able to speak in tongues or prophesy were more spiritual than the others. Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament: based on semantic domains: The supremacy of love. The speaking of tongues of which Paul speaks in 1 Corinthians 12-14 is ecstatic speech that hinders communication unless an interpreter is provided. But by means of a glass - Or mirror, which reflects only their imperfect forms, in a dim, faint, obscure manner; so that our thoughts about them are puzzling and intricate, and … Paul addressed them as babes in … The issue was revelation from God, not fellowship with God. John had not written his gospel, his three letters, or the book of Revelation. Acts 18 gives us considerable detail about Paul’s work in Corinth during that time. His statement in 1 Corinthians 13:13 could be literally rendered “faith, hope, and love remains.” Paul’s point is that, essentially, faith, hope, and love are united; what happens to one happens to all. Mirrors of the first century were not as clear as the mirrors of today, for they were dim. If three-quarters of a jigsaw puzzle were missing, we would have an enigma, a puzzle. For now we see through a glass In this present life, they that are enlightened by the Spirit of God, see God, the perfections and glory of his nature, the riches of his grace and goodness, as displayed in Christ; they behold the glory of Christ, as full of grace and truth, and are filled with love to him; the desires of their souls are after him, and they are changed into the same image by his Spirit; … These gifts remain with God’s people, now and always. And what happens is that they “remain.” The fact that faith, hope, and love remain must be understood in light of the broader context. While the expression “face to face” in other contexts may refer to fellowship, nevertheless in 1 Corinthians 13:12 it describes the difference between seeing oneself in a mirror dimly and seeing oneself in a mirror face to face. 1 Corinthians 13:12 12 For p now we see in a mirror dimly, but q then face to face.
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