in what year was gold discovered on the witwatersrand
The considerable contribution of St John’s College to Medicine. Here is some history of the Witwatersrand Gold Style Ore Deposits as they related to South Africa since the arrival of the Dutch and the southernmost tip of the continent in 1652. So much so that early gold-separation over copper plates covered in Mercury could not separate it and almost caused the mining on the Witwatersrand to shut down. Remembering, not forgetting: A visit to Sandstone Estates, Smoke and Mirrors - The Martini-Henry Rifle at Isandlwana, A short history of the Siege of Elands River Post, Take a walk with Nelson Mandela in Alexandra Township, Early Bird Special - Footloose in Historic Noordhoek Starting in Sunnydale and Brakkekloof, The Heritage Portal in Numbers (December 2020). University of Johannesburg, School of Mining, Library. Production does not come easy though. When the Struben brothers, Fred and Harry, began prospecting the Witwatersrand ridge around 1883-4, they found gold in small quantities in the streams and quartzes. The original miners' camp, under the informal leadership of Col Ignatius Ferreira, had been located in the Fordsburg dip, possibly because water was available there, and because of the site's close proximity to the diggings. It was the accidental discovery of what is now known as ‘the Great Rand Reef’, by a man called George Harrison, which directly led to the ‘ Witwatersrand Gold … Recollections of Adventures, by Harry Struben. This gigantic occurrence blasted a crater over 100 km wide and tens of km deep. They discovered gold-bearing conglomerates on the farm Groot … With the invention of the electron microscope, minute particles of meteor debris were identified, providing evidence of the massive impact event. History of Leases The Witwatersrand Basin Project (WBP) comprises two historic mining centres on the Northern Edge of the Witwatersrand Basin in the Central Rand Goldfield immediately southwest of the city of Johannesburg. Meteorite Impact, by W.U. This also means that animal-drawn transport was also subject to seasonal shortages of fodder along its routes of travel, sometimes leading to long delays in the delivery of much needed mining equipment. Before time was as we know it, a great inland sea or lake existed where today the Witwatersrand lies, and stretched out right across the Orange Free State. The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886 led to a series of events which changed the character of the young Boer republic and changed forever the economic and political relations between Britain and the Boer republics and eventually led to the war of 1899. Today, some 200 small gold mines still operate in … When Fred Struben discovered the “Confidence Reef, he states in his diary “ I was finding a grain of gold for every grain of sand”. It may in fact have been an ice-comet as no remains were found, the ice melting instantly under fantastically high temperatures. 1886, gold was found along the Witwatersrand, and this by 1914 was to make the South African gold industry the world’s top producer . With my limited knowledge of chemistry, I presume that: The boiling water coming into contact with the sulphur formed a dilute sulphuric acid and hydrogen gas. This made initial operations highly profitable and enabled further in-depth exploration of the reef to be self-financing. Portion of the Main Reef at George Harrison Park (Gavin Whitfield). Within a year, more than 500,000 people (nicknamed “diggers”) rushed to the gold field s of Australia. A Vision for Chinatown - The Remarkable Mr Walter Pon, New Book - Thomas Muir: 'Lad O'Pairts' - The Life and Work of Sir Thomas Muir (1844-1934), Mathematician and Cape Colonial Educationist, Advertise in The Heritage Portal Newsletter, The Capture of Winston Churchill - The Armoured Train Incident. This appears to be the unchanged remnants of the muds brought up by the hot springs, yet too distant from the impact to have suffered chemical change. These geysers seemed seasonal. Along the shoreline, mostly along what would become the Witwatersrand, but stretching away towards Potchefstroom, seemed to be a series of hot springs or geysers. By 1890, a scant four years after the discovery of gold, it had multiplied ten-fold on both the Rand and in Johannesburg. At impact the meteor certainly penetrated deep enough to open and allow magma far underground to escape in places. If for any reason none appear click here for some troubleshooting tips. However Randjeslaagte, the site of present-day central Johannesburg, was not declared until 4 October 1886, and its village was only officially named ‘Johannesburg’ for the first time the previous day, 3 October 1886. Contribute. Primary among these were: Not all of these advantages were immediately perceived. People to the Transvaal Treasury and was subsequently ordered to leave the country they therefore believed the.! Attracted people to the Transvaal Treasury and was subsequently ordered to leave the country:... For some troubleshooting tips a scant four years after the discovery of gold rapidly attracted people the... Penetrated deep enough to open and allow magma far underground to escape in places in its vicinity by Roger!, mixed with quartz rock and other debris, formed layers of iron-rich muds or laying! 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