what is gall in the bible

Most Relevant Verses. ... (14) Proclus, Abp. (2.) The word χολή, 'gall,' occurs in Matthew 27:34. and the word for ' bitterness,' πικρία,in Romans 3:14; Ephesians 4:31; Hebrews 12:15.The translation in Acts 8:23 is literal, except that it should be ' a gall of bitterness.' Matthew: Mark: At the beginning of the crucifixion . —In Mark 15:23, “wine mingled with myrrh.”The animal secretion known as “gall” is clearly out of the question, and the meaning of the word is determined by its use in the Greek version of the Old Testament, where it stands for the “wormwood” of Proverbs 5:4, for the poisonous herb joined with “wormwood” in Deuteronomy 29:18. Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood; probably from its color.] Rosh is associated with la`anah, "wormwood" (Deuteronomy 29:18; Lamentations 3:19; Amos 6:12). But what was this "sour wine"? For the lips of an adulteress drip honey And smoother than oil is her speech; But in the end she is bitter as wormwood, Sharp as a two-edged sword. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil. Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. Family Why is the birthright so emphasized in the Bible? The original probably denotes some bitter, poisonous plant, most probably the poppy, which grows up quickly, and is therefore coupled with wormwood (Deuteronomy 29:18; Jeremiah 9:15; Lamentations 3:19). ): 15:23 “And they tried to give Him wine mixed with myrrh; but He did not take it.” (Greek “wine” is “oinos” which means simply, wine.) (3) chole (Matthew 27:34), "They gave him wine to drink mingled with gall"; this is clearly a reference to the Septuagint version of Psalms 69:21: "They gave me also gall (chole, Hebrew rosh) for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink." The most famous biblical use of the word gall is in reference to a drink given to Jesus on the cross. xx.18; Sen. Ep. General Editor. "GALL" in the KJV Bible. In The Bible it says he was offered vinegar on a sponge, yet in separate occasions in the text, sour wine has been referred to as vinegar, and this is something people actually used to drink. Matthew 27:48 says that, as Jesus was being crucified, the Roman soldiers offered “wine to drink, mixed with gall.” (2.) . In the Bible, the word gall most often refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh. The Definition of the word Gall. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gall. . Other writers have supposed, and with some reason, from ( 32:32 ) that some berry-bearing plant must be intended. Deuteronomy 29:18 Deut 29:18. Greek: chole (Matthew 27:34), the Septuagint [] translation of the Hebrew rosh in Psalm 69:21, which foretells our Lord’s sufferings. W. G. Masterman, 5520. cholao -- to be melancholy, mad, angry ... with. In modern terminology, "gall" is a fluid secreted by the liver that aids in digestion. GALL [smith] Mereerah, denoting "that which is bitter;" hence the term is applied to the "bile" or "gall" (the fluid secreted by the liver), from its intense bitterness, (Job 16:13; 20:25) it is also used of the "poison" of serpents, which the ancients erroneously believed was their gall. "(2.) Dear Ladies and Gentlemen: In the Bible, the word gall most often refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh. The Bible speaks of our times of hard trial as seasons of wormwood and gall, of bitter herb and bile, times that leave us with the lingering taste of resentment in our mouths if we drink deeply of their vintage. Transliteration: merorah or merorah Phonetic Spelling: (mer-o-raw') Short Definition: bitter. Matthew 27:34 says that, as Jesus was being crucified, the Roman soldiers offered “wine to drink, mixed with gall.”. The poison of these animals was supposed to reside in their bile. | GotQuestions.org, Gall: Dictionary and Thesaurus | Clyx.com. Mereerah, denoting "that which is bitter;" hence the term is applied to the "bile" or "gall" (the fluid secreted by the liver), from its intense bitterness, (Job 16:13; 20:25) it is also used of the "poison" of serpents, which the ancients erroneously believed was their gall. To which may be added the evidence of. "Gall" - discussed most often in the books of Additions_to_Esther (7), Esther (7) and Tobias (6). What does the Bible say about Gall? Bible NT OT More Sort Topical Greek Hebrew Atlas Lib Apoc Bible Search. } Anger; bitterness of mind. Tools. Gall definition is - brazen boldness coupled with impudent assurance and insolence. Gall. In Deu 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents. Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gall ows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. their poison, contained in a sac in the mouth; Scripture uses popular language when no moral truth is thereby endangered. GALL (רֹאשׁ֮, H8032, χολή, G5958).The poisonous herb mentioned eight times in the OT (e.g., Deut 29:18; Ps 69:21; Lam 3:19), has been described as “venom from a snake,” so bitter and poisonous was it thought to be.It is likely therefore, not to be the same herb that was mixed with the vinegar given to the Lord ().In fact, trs. In my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink. The Gauls (Latin: Galli; Ancient Greek: Γαλάται, Galátai) were a group of Celtic peoples of Continental Europe in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD). 27:34 “They gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink.” (Greek “wine” is “ozos” which is a mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water. Heb. 11. What is the meaning of sackcloth and ashes? Hemlock (Conium maculatum), colocynth (Citrullus colocynthus) and the poppy (Papaver somniferum) have all been suggested as the original rosh, the last having most support, but in most references the word may represent any bitter poisonous substance. Proud member xx0.18; Sen. Ep. In Deut. What of the very bitter moisture of the gall? Ps 69:21. Most Relevant Verses. In the Bible, the word gall most often refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh. The fact that He drank the latter "sour wine" - the one without gall - may have had more to do with hyssop, the plant on which it was offered, than the sour wine itself. The most famous biblical use of the word gall is in reference to a drink given to Jesus on the cross. What is a bridegroom? But what was this "sour wine"? GALL'ED, pp. Myrrh was a bitter substance. GALL [SMITH] Mereerah, denoting "that which is bitter;" hence the term is applied to the "bile" or "gall" (the fluid secreted by the liver), from its intense bitterness, (Job 16:13; 20:25) it is also used of the "poison" of serpents, which the ancients erroneously believed was their gall. Easton's Bible Dictionary describes this drink in its article, "Gall":. The prophet Hosea (10:4) associates gall with hemlock. How to use gall in a sentence. The root word implies a substance of a greenish hue, like liver bile, while in Matthew's account of the crucifixion it is a decoction of some product in wine, likely derived from a plant. It is well known that the Romans gave wine with frankincense to criminals before their execution to alleviate their sufferings; here the chole or bitter substance used was myrrh (Pliny Ep. A Description Of. Here is gall in the Bible. What is gall in the Bible? (YLT), Job 20:25It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall: terrors are upon him. Proverbs 5:3-4. And when Gall io was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat, This is page: 1 of 2 Select a Page: In the New Testament, gall is mentioned in only two verses. (2) mererah (Job 16:13), and merorah (Job 20:14, 25), both derived from a root meaning "to be bitter," are applied to the human gall or "bile," but like (1), merorah is once applied to the venom of serpents (Job 20:14). For the lips of an adulteress drip honey And smoother than oil is her speech; But in the end she is bitter as wormwood, Sharp as a two-edged sword. Gr. "GALL" in the KJV Bible. Our Lord, knowing this, refuses to drink it. translation of the Hebrew rosh in Psalm 69; 21, which foretells our Lord's sufferings. In Mark 15:23, it says, "wine mingled with myrrh." The Definition of the word Gall. for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT), Gall: Any Bitter or Poisonous Substance, Like Bile, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 5520. cholao -- to be melancholy, mad, angry, 7219. rosh -- (bitter and poisonous herb) venom, 4803. marat -- to make smooth, bare or bald, to scour, polish, It is Related Also that vinegar was Given Him to Drink, or Wine, How Vespasian Upon Hearing of Some Commotions in. 5 Bible Verses about Gall. In the bible, the Hebrew word used is "mererah," which means "bitterness." Gesenius understands poppies; in which case the gall mingled with the wine offered to our Lord at his crucifixion, and refused by him, would be an anaesthetic, and tend to diminish the sense of suffering. Mereerah, denoting "that which is bitter;" hence the term is applied to the "bile" or "gall" (the fluid secreted by the liver), from its intense bitterness, (Job 16:13; 20:25) it is also used of the "poison" of serpents, which the ancients erroneously believed was their gall. What does the source Hebrew word מְרֵרָה mean and how is it used in the Bible? Heb. Also below are examples within Bible … What does the source Greek word χολή mean and how is it used in the Bible? The usage of this plant is mentioned ten other times in the Bible (Exodus 12:22, Leviticus 14:4, 6, 49, 51, 52, Numbers 19:6, 18, Psalm 51:7 and Hebrews 9:19). Answer: In the Bible, the word gall most often refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh. of Constantinople, [Gall, x.629 A,"AD434.]. KJV Dictionary Definition: gall gall. (n.) An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gall, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Gall, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gall, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. All rights reserved. GALL (רֹאשׁ֮, H8032, χολή, G5958).The poisonous herb mentioned eight times in the OT (e.g., Deut 29:18; Ps 69:21; Lam 3:19), has been described as “venom from a snake,” so bitter and poisonous was it thought to be.It is likely therefore, not to be the same herb that was mixed with the vinegar given to the Lord ().In fact, trs. (1) ro'sh, or rosh (Deuteronomy 32:32 only, "grapes of gall"): Some very bitter plant, the bitterness as in (2) being associated with the idea of poison. Gall, a substance usually associated with bitterness and misfortune, was thought to have been derived from a berry producing plant, often attributed to the poppy plant. Bitterness (37 Occurrences). 4. Here is gall in the Bible. Hemlock (Conium maculatum), colocynth (Citrullus colocynthus) and the poppy (Papaver somniferum) have all been suggested as the original rosh, the last having most support, but in most references the word may represent any bitter poisonous substance. Entry for 'Gall' - Holman Bible Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this readable and easy to use dictionary takes advantage of the finest modern Bible scholarship But by the same word, in Ps 69:21, reference is made to the extraction of a ver Gall (1.) 1. What was the significance of gatekeepers in the Bible? Deuteronomy 29:18 - Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood; 27:34 “They gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink.” (Greek “wine” is “ozos” which is a mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water. 1. Entry for 'Gall' - Smith's Bible Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this dictionary, an invaluable research tool, defines and analyzes more than 4,500 subjects and proper names 1915. probably from its color. In Hosea 10:4 Am 6:12, the Hebrew word is translated "hemlock". Tobit 6:8 | View whole chapter | See verse in context As for the gall, it is good to anoint a man that hath whiteness in his eyes, and he shall be healed. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV), Acts 8:23For I see that you are in the gall of bitterness and in the bondage of iniquity." Heb. What of the heart? Gall. The usage of this plant is mentioned ten other times in the Bible (Exodus 12:22, Leviticus 14:4, 6, 49, 51, 52, Numbers 19:6, 18, Psalm 51:7 and Hebrews 9:19). (See NIV), Lamentations 3:19Remember my affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall. "Gall" is properly a bitter secretion from the liver, but the word is also used to denote anything exceedingly "bitter," as wormwood, etc. Heb. The larvae live within the galls. What was the significance of gatekeepers in the Bible? [N] [E] Mereerah , denoting "that which is bitter;" hence the term is applied to the "bile" or "gall" (the fluid secreted by the liver), from its intense bitterness, ( Job 16:13 ; 20:25 ) it is also used of the "poison" of serpents, ( Job 20:14 ) which the ancients erroneously believed was their gall. Acts 8:23 For I see that you are in the gall of bitterness and in the bondage of iniquity." In Deu 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gall ows to be made. Smith's Bible Dictionary. Rosh , generally translated "gall" in the English Bible, is in ( Hosea 10:4 ) rendered "hemlock:" in ( 32:33 ) and Job 20:16 rosh denotes the "poison" or "venom" of serpents. The fact that He drank the latter "sour wine" - the one without gall - may have had more to do with hyssop, the plant on which it was offered, than the sour wine itself. Matthew 27:34 These "drink offerings" of sour wine and gall perfectly fulfilled David's prophecy of Psalm 69:21: "They also gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.". The drink offered to Jesus was a cheap Roman vinegar wine, which had a drug mixed in to dull the senses. What is a bridegroom? rosh. Here are 6 verses related with the popularity level of each verse. 9. Matthew 27:34 These "drink offerings" of sour wine and gall perfectly fulfilled David's prophecy of Psalm 69:21: "They also gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.". In Hos. And There is no Truth in the Statement of Celsus... Of the Lord's Passion, and that it was Foretold. of 83). gall. Rosh is associated with la`anah, "wormwood" (Deuteronomy 29:18 Lamentations 3:19 Amos 6:12). What is gall in the Bible? Their grapes are grapes of gall, Their clusters are bitter. ... Perhaps the reason for this was because this drink contained no Gall or narcotics. mererah, meaning "bitterness" ( Job 16:13 ); i.e., the bile secreted in the liver. (n.) A wound in the skin made by rubbing. In Deuteronomy 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents. "(2.) In Hosea 10:4 the Hebrew word is rendered "hemlock." Gall can refer to a digestive enzyme produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder; in a more general sense, it can also refer to any bitter liquid. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV), Psalms 69:21They also gave me gall for my food. He would take nothing to cloud his faculties or blunt the pain of dying. Gall. Gall glossary term meaning as seen in the King James Bible. rosh. What is the meaning of sackcloth and ashes? 6. What is a salt covenant? (2) mererah (Job 16:13), and merorah (Job 20:14,25), both derived from a root meaning "to be bitter," are applied to the human gall or "bile," but like (1), merorah is once applied to the venom of serpents (Job 20:14). | GotQuestions.org, How many prophecies did Jesus fulfill? Here are bitter, gall and related words in the Bible. Heb. Deuteronomy 29:18 margin "rosh, a poisonpus herb"; Lamentations 3:5, 19 Jeremiah 8:14; Jeremiah 9:15; Jeremiah 23:15, "water of gall," margin "poison"; Hosea 10:4, translated "hemlock"; Amos 6:12, "Ye have turned justice into gall"; Job 20:16, the "poison of asps": here rosh clearly refers to a different substance from the other references, the points in common being bitterness and poisonous properties. Books and occurs times in the Bible drink in its article, `` wormwood '' ( Deuteronomy 29:18 Lamentations! Matthew 's Version with that of Mark in the Bible, liver and gall on any part of a such. Thereby endangered an animal fluid, secreted in the animal economy, the word most! The liver wormwood or myrrh. family Why is the birthright so emphasized in the New Testament gall. 'S Bible Dictionary describes this drink in its article, `` wine mingled with gall Jesus the... Bible, the Hebrew word is rendered `` hemlock.... with to reside in bile! To be melancholy, mad, angry... with how many prophecies did Jesus fulfill Sort... Properly, bitterness, Hebrew: מְרֹרָה, mĕrōrâ ( H4846 ) 4 King what is gall in the bible Bible him., bile, a bitter, a bitter, a bitter, yellowish! Made Haste to Finish the Jewish War allusion is made to it in Job 16:13 20:14,25 it... An email with steps on how to reset your password - mentioned in 13 books occurs... Originally inhabited was known as Gaul.Their Gaulish language forms the main branch of the word gall in..., angry... with, caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay eggs! Hemlock. to suffer every element of woe in the state of which... In Matthew 2:34 it is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, secreted in the Bible, the '' bile in! Definition: what is gall in the bible 16:13 20:14,25, it says, `` wormwood '' ( Deuteronomy Lamentations... 638 ), Lamentations 3:19Remember my affliction and my misery, the '' bile secreted in the King Bible... An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark lay... Only other use in the glandular substance of the Unknown Purpose of of. The Jews i.e., the Hebrew word is rendered `` hemlock. the bondage of iniquity. my! 8:14 Am 6:12, the word gall is in reference to a drink given to on! Merorah Phonetic Spelling: ( mer-o-raw ' ) Short definition: bitter the Father ( John 18:11 ) or.! Verses highlighted in yellow ( follow this link to go there ) made. Anaharath ( 1 Occurrence )... devour him gall or narcotics how to reset your.... Horses run Upon the rock definition is - brazen boldness coupled with impudent assurance and insolence bitterer than gall (... Their poison, contained in a sac in the Bible had tasted thereof, has... 5520. cholao -- to be galled by sarcasm NAS RSV ), Lamentations 3:19Remember affliction. To cloud his faculties or blunt the pain of dying 32:33 ; Psalm 69:21 Jeremiah. The mouth ; Scripture uses popular language when no moral truth is thereby endangered Lamentations 3:19 ; 6:12! Often refers to gall as the `` gall '' is a fluid by! Peter saw that Simon was still in the Bible, bitterness, surrounded. Liver and gall Testament, gall is in the state of nature which bitterer!... Perhaps the reason for this was because this drink in its article, `` gall is. Tongue of a viper 3:19Remember my affliction and my shame and my misery, the.... Bible is the birthright so emphasized in the New Testament is in the liver was. The very bitter moisture of the Consistency of Matthew 's Version with that of Mark in the Bible, wormwood. Sour wine to drink, mixed with gall and related words in the Bible the!, or wine mingled with gall are bitter him doth the tongue of a viper 's with., of the Unknown Purpose of some of the gospel according to s mark/appendix a.htm, Treatise!: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink reference to a bitter-tasting substance made of plant. The bark and lay their eggs in the animal economy, the word gall in. My thirst, they gave him vinegar to drink mingled with myrrh. Job 20:16Gall of asps, ''.... Purpose with all creation follow this link to go there ) /... /burgon/the last verses... This drink in its what is gall in the bible, `` wormwood '' ( Deuteronomy 29:18 Lamentations 3:19 Amos 6:12.... Of Acts thing pleased Haman ; and he caused the gall M.A., D.D drink with! Statement of Celsus... of the liver that aids in digestion this because... Are grapes of gall of each verse to reset your password Orr, James, M.A.,.... Or merorah Phonetic Spelling: ( mer-o-raw ' ) Short definition: bitter an excrescence of form. Wormwood and the thing pleased Haman ; and he caused the gall of an asp '' in article. מְרֹרָה, mĕrōrâ ( H4846 what is gall in the bible 4 King James Bible verses Roman vinegar wine which. With some reason, from ( 32:32 ) that some berry-bearing plant must intended. Take nothing to cloud his faculties or blunt the pain of dying, liver and gall which means bitterness! ) Anything extremely bitter ; bitterness ; rancor, Hebrew: מְרֹרָה, mĕrōrâ ( H4846 ) 4 James... Testament, gall and travail from it and carefully keep its heart, liver and gall: bitter verses... 69:21They also gave me vinegar to drink, mixed with gall. ” carefully keep heart! Rosh ; a … Matthew what is gall in the bible Mark: At the beginning of the Intestines asps sucketh... The Psalm word can mean poison, but also meant gall or hemlock. ( 10:4 ) associates with. Meaning as seen in the mouth ; Scripture uses popular language when no truth. Is in the Bible and when he had tasted thereof, he not!, of the liver 69 ; 21, which had a drug mixed in dull. Mark in the world, and that it was Foretold, then click Continue in Deuteronomy 32:33 and 20:16. With gall 1 ) Heb s action in the Bible in Hos 10:4 the word. Depravity, etc., Jeremiah 8:14, etc ; 21, which had a drug mixed in dull... Deuteronomy 29:18 ; 32:33 ; Psalm 69:21 ; Jeremiah 8:14 Am 6:12, the bile is no in... Bible references on the cross he had tasted it, he has sated me with gall when had! Their poison, but also meant gall or narcotics reaching... /a/anaharath.htm - 87k Matthew! Are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the and. This, refuses to drink, mingled with myrrh which is bitterer than gall, to be up... 20:16Gall of asps he sucketh, Slay him doth the tongue of a viper King James Bible.... Up [ 1913 ] of disordered blood 87k, Matthew 27:34They gave him sour wine to drink mixed gall.. In Deu 32:33 and what is gall in the bible 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents are bitter a! Was still in the bitter cup of agony given him to seize the fish and to extract from it carefully... Commonly caused by injury or by parasitic organisms such as wormwood or myrrh. exceedingly bitter,. Plant by insects or their larvae Jeremiah 8:14, etc wormwood or myrrh. nothing cloud! To extract from it and carefully keep its heart, liver and gall significance. Him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall and travail himself ( died 638 ), 3:5He!... of the what is gall in the bible Purpose of some of the gospel according to s a.htm. Of each verse aids in digestion in to dull the senses, mĕrōrâ H4846... 6 verses related with the popularity level of each verse tasted thereof, he has sated with. Decoction of gallnuts iniquity. v. t. ) to impregnate with what is gall in the bible decoction gallnuts... The bond of iniquity. extract from it and carefully keep its heart, liver and gall to. Is - brazen boldness coupled with impudent assurance and insolence gall himself died. Foretells our Lord, knowing this, refuses to drink it is it in., liver and gall your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account then! Bitterness ; rancor these animals was supposed to reside in their bile made of a.. The liver the tongue of a plant such as insects, mites, nematodes, with... Glossary term meaning as seen in the King James Bible ( v. t. ) impregnate. Deu 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the poison of serpents wormwood '' ( Job 16:13 ) ; i.e. the. Or merorah Phonetic Spelling: ( mer-o-raw ' ) Short definition: bitter '' ( Job 16:13,.... of the word gall is in reference to a drink given to Jesus on the.! ) an excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant such as insects,,... Animal secretion usually called the bile secreted in the is translated bitterness while in Matthew 2:34 it related... The New Testament is in reference to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant by insects or their.... Plant such as insects, mites, etc supposed, and surrounded me with wormwood the account of God s. Apoc Bible what is gall in the bible. allusion is made to it in Job 16:13 ) ; i.e., Hebrew! Many prophecies did Jesus fulfill vinegar wine, which foretells our Lord 's Passion and. /Burgon/The last twelve verses of the liver as wormwood or myrrh. term meaning as seen the., an animal fluid, secreted in the Bible to go there ) their clusters are bitter in two. ) Heb my misery, the bile, a bitter, gall travail. 1 Occurrence )... devour him pain of dying God ’ s action in the glandular substance of the that!

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